The Four Gospels: Commentary on the Holy Scriptures of the New Testament, Volume I

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Archbishop Averky (Taushev)
Translated from the Russian by Nicholas Kotar
Publication Data: Jordanville, NY: Holy Trinity Seminary Press, 2015
Format: hardcover
Number of Pages: xl + 290
Dimensions (l × w × h): 26.0 cm × 18.2 cm × 2.5 cm
ISBN: 978‒1‒942699‒00‒2

Archbishop Averky (Taushev)
Translated from the Russian by Nicholas Kotar

Volume I of Commentary on the Holy Scriptures of the New Testament

“It should be self-evident that I have used first and foremost all of the exegetical works of the Holy Fathers, especially St John Chrysostom and Blessed Theophylact of Bulgaria, as well as the interpretations of Scripture (based on patristic sources) provided in the Holy Trinity Periodical, published before the Revolution in Russia and ‘The Patristic Exegesis of the Gospel of Matthew,’ which was published by the journal Eternal Things, edited by Bishop Methodius these past few years in Paris, in three volumes. Without aiming for any particular scholarly goals, I intended to give readers and those who study the New Testament a key to understanding and interpreting the Scriptures according to the teachings of the Orthodox Church. Such a handbook, considering the general scarcity of books and publications of this nature, could at least partially replace all the previous Russian prerevolutionary textbooks and guides. I beg the reader to be lenient in assessing my work since I never had the opportunity to wholeheartedly give myself to it, as such a lofty subject would require, working on it only sporadically. But even for such an opportunity I thank God, hoping that my work will not be without usefulness, and I ask every reader to pray for me.”


Introduction: The New Testament, the Four Gospels, and a General Explanation
1. The Coming into the World of the Lord Jesus Christ
   The Introduction to the Gospel: Its Veracity and Purpose
   The Pre-eternal Begetting and the Incarnation of the Son of God
   The Conception of the Forerunner of Christ, John
   The Annunciation to the Most Holy Virgin Mary
   The Meeting of the Virgin Mary with Elizabeth
   The Birth of John the Baptist
   The Genealogy of the Lord Jesus Christ According to the Flesh
   The Nativity of Christ
   The Youth of the Lord Jesus Christ
2. The Public Ministry of the Lord Jesus Christ: Events of His Life Before the First Passover
   John the Baptist and His Witness of the Lord Jesus Christ
   The Baptism of the Lord jesus Christ
   The Forty-Day Fast and the Temptation from the Devil
   The First Disciples of Christ
   The First Miracle at the Wedding in Cana of Galilee
3. The First Passover of the Public Ministry of the Lord Jesus Christ
   Casting Out the Merchants from the Temple
   The Conversation with Nicodemus
   The Last Witness of St John the Baptist Concerning Jesus Christ
   St John Is Imprisoned
   The Departure of the Lord to Galilee and His Conversation with the Samaritan Woman
   The Coming of Christ the Saviour into Galilee and the Beginning of His Preaching There
   The Healing in Cana of the Son of the Nobleman
   The Calling of the Fishermen-Apostles: Peter, Andrew, James, and John
   The Power of Christ’s Preaching and the Healing of the Possessed Man in the Synagogue of Capernaum
   Healing Peter’s Mother-in-Law and Many Others
   Preaching in Galilee
   Jesus Christ Preached in the Synagogue in Nazareth
   The Healing of the Leper
   The Healing of the Paralytic in Capernaum
   The Calling of Matthew
4. The Second Passover of Public Ministry of the Lord Jesus Christ
   Healing the Paralytic Near the Pool of Siloam
   The Lord’s Teaching Regarding His Equality to God the Father and the Universal Resurrection and Judgment
   Plucking the Heads of Grain on a Sabbath
   Healing the Man with the Withered Arm on a Sabbath
   A Great Multitude of People Gathers Around the Lord, His Many Miracles: The Lord Avoids Glory and the Prophecy of His Humility
   Choosing the Twelve Apostles
   The Sermon on the Mount
   Healing the Leper
   Healing the Servant of the Centurion of Capernaum
   The Raising of the Son of the Widow of Nain
   John the Baptist Sends His Disciples to the Lord Jesus Christ, and the Lord’s Witness Concerning John the Baptist
   Rebuking the Sinful Cities, Praising God for Revealing the Truth to Children, and a Call to All Who Are Weary and Heavy Laden    Forgiving the Sinful Woman in the House of Simon the Pharisee
   Healing the Possessed Man and Rebuking the Pharisees for Blaspheming the Holy Spirit
   The Lord’s Answer to Those Who Sought a Sign from Him
   A Woman Praises the Mother of Christ, and Christ Answers Her: Spiritual Relation to the Lord
   The Lord’s Parables Regarding the Kingdom of God
   The Lord Answers Those Who Are Hesitant to Follow Him
   Calming the Storm on the Sea
   Casting Out the Legion of Demons in the Country of the Gadarenes
   Healing the Woman with an Issue of Blood and Resurrecting the Daughter of Jairus
   Healing the Two Blind Men and the Dumb Demoniac
   The Second Visit to Nazareth
   Christ Walks Throughout Galilee with His Disciples and Certain Women: His Sorrow at the Lack of Workers for the Harvest
   Christ Sends the Twelve to Preach
   The Beheading of John the Baptist
   The Miraculous Feeding of the Five Thousand with Five Breads
   The Lord Walks on Water and Heals Many Sick
   Conversation About the Bread from Heaven
5. The Third Passover of the Lord Jesus Christ’s Public Ministry
   Rebuking the Tradition of the Pharisees
   Healing the Daughter of the Canaanite Woman
   Healing the Deaf with a Speech Impediment and Many Other Sick
   The Miraculous Feeding of the Four Thousand
   Rebuking the Pharisees Who Asked for Signs and Warning Against the Leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees
   Healing the Blind Man in Bethsaida
   The Apostle Peter Confesses, on Behalf of All the Apostles, that Jesus Christ is the Son of God
   The Lord Foretells His Death and Resurrection, and Teaches of the Necessity to Bear One’s Cross
   The Transfiguration of Christ
   Healing the Possessed Youth: On the Importance of Faith, Prayer, and Fasting
   The Miraculous Paying of the Temple Tax
   Who Is Greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven? The Lord Uses a Child as an Example to the Disciples
   Miracles Were Performed in Christ’s Name Even by Those Who Did Not Follow Him
   The Teaching Concerning Battling Against the Passions
   The Parable of the Lost Sheep, of Correcting Those Who Are Lost, and the Meaning of the Judgment of the Church
   On Forgiving Offenses and the Parable of the Merciless Creditor
   Christ Refuses to Go Together with His Brothers to Jerusalem for the Feast of Booths
   Christ Goes to Jerusalem with His Disciples: The Samaritan Town Refuses to Take Him In
   Christ Sends the Seventy to Preach
   The Lord in Jerusalem for the Feast of Booths
   Christ’s Judgment over the Woman Caught in Adultery, Brought Before Him by the Pharisees
   Christ Speaks with the Jews in the Temple
   Healing the Man Blind from Birth
   Sermon Regarding the Good Shepherd
   The Discussion During the Feast of Purification
   The Return of the Seventy
   The Parable of the Merciful Samaritan
   The Lord Jesus Christ in the Home of Martha and Mary
   The Parable of the Insistent Request
   Denunciation of the Scribes and Pharisees
   The Parable of the Foolish Rich Man
   Parables on Awaiting the Second Coming of Christ: Of the Slaves Who Wait for the Coming of the Lord and of the Good and Faithful Servant
   The Lord Predicts Division Among People on Account of His Teaching
   A Call to Repentance, Inspired by the Death of the Galileans and Those Who Were Crushed by the Tower of Siloam
   The Parable of the Fruitless Fig Tree
   Healing the Woman Who Was Bent Over
   On the Narrow Path to the Kingdom of God
   Christ Answers the Threats of Herod and Laments the Destruction of Jerusalem
   Healing the Man Sick of the Dropsy
   The Parable of Those Who Love to Be First
   The Parable of Those Called to the Feast
   The Teaching Regarding True Followers of Christ
   The Parable of the Prodigal Son
   The Parable of the Unjust Steward
   The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus
   The Teaching on the Holiness of Marriage and on Virginity
   On the Power of Faith and on the Necessity of Fulfilling the Commandments
   Healing the Ten Lepers
   On the Coming of the Kingdom of God and the Second Coming of Christ
   The Parable of the Unrighteous Judge
   The Parable of the Publican and the Pharisee
   Blessing the Children
   The Rich Youth
   The Apostles, Who Left Everything for Christ’s Sake, Will Inherit Eternal Life
   The Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard Who Received Equal Pay
   The Lord Repeats His Prophecy of His Imminent Suffering and Resurrection and Answers the Sons of Zebedee Regarding Primacy in His Kingdom    Healing the Two Blind Men in Jericho
   The Lord Jesus Christ Visits Zacchaeus
   The Parable of the Ten Pounds, or the Talents
   The Raising of Lazarus
   The Decision of the Sanhedrin to Kill the Lord Jesus Christ
   The Dinner in Bethany at the Home of Lazarus
6. The Last Days of the Earthly Life of the Lord Jesus Christ
   The Entry of the Lord into Jerusalem
   Casting Out the Merchants from the Temple
   Great and Holy Monday: Cursing the Fruitless Fig Tree
   The Desire of the Greeks to See Jesus Christ and the Lord’s Words Concerning Them
   Great Tuesday: The Withered Fig Tree and the Teaching on the Power of Faith
   Conversations in the Temple: The Lord Answers the Elders Regarding His Authority
   The Parable of the Two Sons
   The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen
   The Parable of Those Called to the Wedding Feast of the Son of the King
   The Lord’s Answer Regarding Paying Taxes to Caesar
   Shaming the Sadducees with Respect to the Resurrection of the Dead
   Conversation Regarding the Greatest Commandment of the Law and the Divinity of the Messiah
   Accusing the Scribes and Pharisees
   The Widow’s Mite
   The Lord Speaks with His disciples on the Mount of Olives about the Second Coming and the End of the World
   The Parable of the Ten Virgins
   On the Dread Judgment
   Great and Holy Wednesday: The Council of the Chief Priests and Elders
      Regarding the Death of Jesus, Jesus’s Anointing by the Sinful Woman in the House of Simon the Leper, and the Betrayal of Judas
   Great and Holy Thursday: The Mystical Supper
   The Prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane
   The Betrayal of Jesus Christ and the Flight of the Apostles
   Judgment over the Lord by the High Priests Annas and Caiaphas
   Peter’s Denial
   Great and Holy Friday: The Judgment of the Sanhedrin
   The Death of Judas, the Traitor
   The Lord Jesus Christ Is Brought to Pilate
   The Lord’s Path to the Cross, the Way to Golgotha
   The Crucifixion
   The Repentance of the Good Thief
   The Theotokos at the Cross
   The Death of Christ
   The Burial of the Lord Jesus Christ
7. The Resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ
   The Myrrh-Bearing Women Come to the Tomb; the Angel Appears to Them
   The Risen Lord Appears to Mary Magdalene and the Other Mary
   The Lie of the Jews and Bribing the Guards of the Tomb
   The Appearance of the Risen Lord to the Disciples on the Road to Emmaus
   The Appearance of the Risen Lord to the Ten Disciples on the Day of the Resurrection
   The Appearance of the Risen Lord to the Eleven Apostles on the Eighth Day After the Resurrection, and the Doubt of Thomas
   The Appearance of the Risen Lord to the Disciples at the Sea of Galilee
   Reinstating Peter into His Apostolic Dignity and a Prophecy Concerning His Martyr’s Death
   The Lord’s Appearance to the Disciples on the Hill in Galilee
   The Ascension of the Lord
Subject Index
Scripture Index
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